Closeboard fencing is preferred by many for its durability, privacy, and aesthetically pleasing design. Perfect for delineating property boundaries and offering a high degree of seclusion, closeboard fencing is an ideal choice for garden perimeters. This comprehensive guide will take you through the steps to install closeboard fencing, ensuring a robust and attractive border for your outdoor space.

Step 1: Planning

Understanding Legal Requirements

Before starting your closeboard fencing project, it is essential to understand and comply with local planning regulations. Ensure your fencing plan does not encroach on public spaces or exceed height limitations that may be in place for residential areas.

Materials and Tools

You will need:

  • Fence posts (concreted into the ground)
  • Gravel boards
  • Arris rails
  • Feather edge boards
  • Post caps
  • Concrete or post mix
  • Galvanised nails or screws


  • Spade or post hole digger
  • Spirit level
  • Tape measure
  • Saw
  • Hammer or nail gun
  • Concrete mixer (optional)

Step 2: Marking Out

Use a tape measure and string line to mark out where your fence will go. Ensure straight lines and even spacing between posts. The typical spacing for closeboard fence posts is around 1.8 to 3 metres apart, dependent on the strength and wind load expected.

Step 3: Digging Post Holes

Dig holes for your fence posts, typically around 600mm deep, to ensure a stable foundation. Using a post hole digger can make this job easier and quicker.

Step 4: Installing the Posts

Place the first fence post in its hole and use a spirit level to ensure it's straight. Mix concrete or use post mix, following the manufacturer’s instructions, and fill in the hole around the post. Support the post with temporary braces until the concrete sets. Repeat this process with all the posts, ensuring they are all straight and level.

Step 5: Attaching Arris Rails

Once the posts are securely in place and the concrete has set, attach your horizontal arris rails between the posts. These should be fixed at the bottom, middle, and top of where your feather edge boards will end. Ensure they are level before securing them in place.

Step 6: Fixing Gravel Boards

Gravel boards should be fixed at the bottom of your fence line, running between the posts. They protect the bottom of your fence from moisture and ground contact. Secure them in place, ensuring they are level.

Step 7: Attaching Feather Edge Boards

Begin attaching your feather edge boards vertically along the arris rails, starting from one end and working your way to the other. Each board should slightly overlap the previous one to ensure no gaps. Use galvanised nails or screws to fix each board at the top, middle, and bottom.

Step 8: Finishing Touches

Once all the feather edge boards are securely in place, add post caps to the top of each fence post. This not only provides a finished look but also protects the post tops from weather damage.


Closeboard fencing requires minimal maintenance but periodically check for any loose or damaged boards and replace them if necessary. Applying a wood preservative or stain can help extend the life of your fence and maintain its appearance.


Installing closeboard fencing can significantly enhance the privacy and security of your garden. While it requires some effort and time, the result is a sturdy and visually appealing boundary that will serve you for many years. Remember to always follow local regulations and take your time to ensure each step is done correctly. Your efforts will be rewarded with a functional and attractive border that provides the perfect backdrop to your garden.