Fencing is a crucial aspect of property boundaries, privacy and security. In regions that experience strong winds and storms, homeowners and businesses alike find it essential to understand how their fencing may be affected by such weather conditions. In this article, we will delve into the particulars of wind gust speed and its impact on fencing, ensuring that property owners have the knowledge necessary to make informed decisions regarding their installations.

Understanding Wind Gust Speed

Wind gust speed refers to the sudden, brief increase in wind speed, typically lasting just a few seconds. It is important to differentiate between wind gust speed and average wind speed, as gust speed can reach significantly higher levels than the average wind speed. When considering fencing, it is the wind gust speed that generally causes damage rather than the consistent, average wind speed.

Factors Affecting Fencing Durability in Wind Conditions

The ability of a fence to withstand wind gusts is influenced by several factors, including:


Different fencing materials exhibit varied levels of resistance to wind gusts. For example, wooden fences may sway and bend under strong gusts but can withstand moderate gusts with minimal damage. Metal fences, such as aluminium or steel, typically offer higher levels of resistance against wind damage.


Fence design plays a significant role in determining its resistance to wind gusts:

  • Solid-panel fences: These fences act like sails, catching the wind and putting significant pressure on the fence posts, increasing the risk of damage under strong gusts.
  • Open designs: Slatted or lattice-style fences allow more wind to pass through, reducing the wind pressure on the fence and decreasing the likelihood of damage.

Installation Quality

Proper installation is crucial in ensuring a fence's ability to endure wind gusts. Secure and stable fence posts, combined with high-quality hardware, will increase the fence's resistance to wind damage.

Common Wind Gust Speed Thresholds for Fencing Damage

The Beaufort Wind Force Scale, widely used in the UK and internationally, is a helpful reference when assessing potential wind damage to fencing. Notably, fences can suffer damage at different wind gust velocities depending on the factors mentioned above. However, some general guidelines for wind gust speeds and the potential for fence damage include:

  • Moderate to fresh breeze (13 to 24 mph): Most fences should be able to withstand gusts within this range without significant damage, provided they are well-maintained and installed correctly.
  • Strong breeze to near gale (25 to 39 mph): At these wind gust speeds, weaker fences, particularly solid-panel designs, may experience some damage or movement.
  • Gale force and beyond (40+ mph): Wind gusts at this speed and higher pose a significant risk of damage to all types of fencing. Even well-installed, durable fences may incur damage or collapse under the force of these gusts.

Final Thoughts

When it comes to fencing and wind gusts, the key lies in the selection of appropriate materials, a thoughtful design, and proper installation. By considering these factors, property owners in areas prone to higher wind gust speeds can invest wisely in fencing options that provide both the boundaries they desire and the durability required to withstand challenging weather conditions.

At East Coast Fencing, our experienced team is dedicated to helping you navigate these decisions to create the ideal fencing solution tailored to your needs.