Is Twisting of Wooden Fence Posts Normal?
A well-erected fence adds not only security but also a visual appeal to the property. While fence materials continue to be diverse, wood remains one of the most popular choices for homeowners and property developers to install robust and attractive fences. However, a common concern among property owners is the twisting of wooden fence posts that result after some time. In this article, we delve into the causative factors of this phenomenon and analyse whether it is a normal occurrence.
Background of the Twisting of Wooden Fence Posts
To determine whether fence posts twisting is normal, it's vital to understand the nature of wood itself. Wood is a living material that inherently exhibits characteristics like contraction, expansion, and warping that follow changes in temperature and humidity levels. This occurrence is due to the presence of moisture in the wood and its hygroscopic nature, meaning it takes in or releases moisture in response to the surrounding environment.
As wood dries out, its volume decreases, and internal stresses consequently result when uneven shrinkage takes place. Warping refers to the distortion of wood pieces, such as twisting, cupping, or bowing, that result from uneven drying and these stresses. Therefore, it is not uncommon for wooden fence posts to twist given these factors.
Factors Contributing to Twisting of Wooden Fence Posts
Several factors contribute to the twisting of wooden fence posts. Identifying and understanding these factors can help manage or prevent fence warping. The primary factors include:
1. Wood Species
Different wood species exhibit varied reactions to moisture changes. Some species, like cedar and redwood, have a higher resistance to warping due to the intrinsic characteristics of their wood fibres. On the other hand, pine and spruce may be more prone to warping.
2. Grain Orientation
The orientation of wood grains is another critical factor that influences warping. Radial grains, which result from cutting wood perpendicular to the tree's growth rings, tend to warp less compared to tangential grains, emanating from cutting wood parallel to the growth rings.
3. Moisture Content
Wood that still contains a high moisture content is more susceptible to twisting when used for fence posts. Properly kiln-dried wood helps reduce the likelihood of warping, but it can still occur due to moisture absorption from the environment.
4. Installation and Maintenance
The installation process can significantly impact fence post performance. For instance, improper installation causing the fence to be off-level can lead to excess tension stress on the posts, which in turn increases the chances of twisting.
Regular maintenance of the fence, like sealing and staining wood, can prevent moisture absorption, hence reducing the risks of twisting and warping.
Addressing and Preventing the Twisting of Wooden Fence Posts
To mitigate or avoid twisting, several steps can be undertaken:
- Choose suitable wood species with a lower tendency to warp for your fence posts.
- Opt for wood with radial grain orientation over tangential grains.
- Ensure the wood has been dried correctly before use, aiming for a moisture content of around 12% to 15%.
- Install fence posts with proper techniques and ensure they are level.
- Perform regular maintenance, such as resealing or restaining wood to prevent moisture absorption.